Category Archives: Other

change in the timetable

in agreement with your request, the last practical is scheduled for Monday the 11th

see you at aula M piano rialzato at 2:30 pm to start with brief conclusions concerning the gap filling experiments

we will then move to “Paolotti” to perform the last fiew exercises in the bioinformatics laboratory

tomorrow, Jun the 8th 2012 there will be no classes first part

After the break I copied the program we wrote today in class…
Remember that it
1) Takes parameters from the user
2) Parse the multifasta file with contigs saving to $seq1 and $seq2 the sequence of desired contigs

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Browse the Linux filesystem

If you want to refer to a directory in UNIX (and, with little differences, in Windows too) you can use:

  • Relative path
  • Absolute path

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UNIX shell, from simple to complex

We used some very simple commands during our first lab. Let see a new command. This post shows how to use two handy features of the shell: output redirection and program piping.

grep¬†look for a patter into a line, and print it only if the pattern is present in the line. If we have a multifasta file, each header has a “>” sign. If we want to view all headers we can type:

grep ">" multifasta.fa

Output redirection

Most UNIX commands prints their output to screen. If we want to save that output we can use the “>” character:

ls -l > filelist.txt

we won’t see as usual the file listing with this command, because the “>” redirects ls’s output to the filelist.txt file. If we print the file:

cat filelist.txt

we will have a proof.

Program “pipes”

A very useful feature of the UNIX shell is the possibility to send the output of a program to another program. This is done with the pipe character: |.

ls -la | head -n 3

With this command we will see the first three lines of the ls output. Nice?

cat multifasta.fa | grep ">" | wc -l
  • can you guess what happens with this command???
  • can you write a command that prints only files created in march? (answer with comments)
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